RELIEF The village of Chelopech is located in the Zlatishko-Pirdop valley, which is one of the Behind-Balkan valleys. They are located consecutively from the west to the east and formed relatively narrow strip of land between Balkan Mountains and the Sredna Gora. Main role in their morph-tectonic growth has Behind-Balkan depth fault at the southern foot of the Balkan Mountains. Balkan’s wall of the valley is of Paleozoic and chalk rocks, steep and clear of trees. Sredna Gora’s wall is of granite. CLIMATE The village of Chelopech is characterized with Mediterranean climate influenced by geographic location – in a deep valley between two mountain ranges. The continental character is softened by Balkan Mountains, which is like a barrier for the northern winds. Peculiarities are softer winter and cooler summer than the other regions of Bulgaria, as well as the temperature’s inversions in the winter. Dominant for the region is north-eastern wind – 25% per year. The average wind speed is 1.9 meters per second. The cloudy weather is considerable, especially through the winter. The annual sum of the rainfall is 617-618 liters per square kilometer, which is about average index for the country. The average value of the relative humidity is 68%. The blanket of snow is with duration of 100 days. Its maximal month height is 70 cm (in February). ORES AND MINERALS The village of Chelopech is one of the biggest copper-gold deposits in Europe. It consists of many big ore deposits which are placed in volcano-sediment complex from andizites to dacits, which spread all over the north and the north-eastern side of fault with orientation east to west. Containing rocks on the other hand are part of the volcano-sediment ensemble of forest chalk, persevered in the ridge with direction north-north-east. The groundwork in south and east from Chelopech docambrian granitgnaised, double-layered schists, quartzes and amfibolics. Chelopech’s ore includes the following main ore minerals: pyrites, tenantate, energate, luzonate, halkopyrate, gold and bornate. From the non-ore minerals dominate: quartz, barete, serezate, kaolinite. From the secondary ore-minerals there are: famatinate, spherite, galena, and from non-ores – chlorarite, ankerate and gypsum. The deposit of Chelopech is characterized with exceptionally complex geographic texture, till now there are about 71 mineral types identified. “Chelopech Mining” Ltd is the new name of mine Chelopech. During November and December 2005 the ore-drеssing fabric of “Chelopech Mining” Ltd achieve a historical record processing over 80 000 tones of ore. During December the mine has extracted over 85 800 tones of ore, the best achievement till now. This is equal to extraction calculated of the year base of 1 million tons. WATER RESOURCES The hydrological system in the area of Municipality Chelopech is predetermined from the lithological and tectonic factors. It consists of rivers and gulches, starting from springs and streams, located in the southern slope of the main mountain ridge of Stara planina. The river valleys are “V” shaped crossed sections and relatively well-defined outlined valley ends. To this type it could be added river Vlozdol, Chugowishko gulch, Raven gulch and others. The main waterway for this area is river Vozdol. It starts from the high peaks “Chelopeshka baba” and “Murgana”. In its upper stream, after rivers Ilindenska, Beglejka and Ravnishka joins, the river bends south-eastern direction. This river is the only filling source for the local dam “Kachulka” and continues through the field of Zlatitsa and joins river Topolnitsa. Dam “Kachulka” Dam “Kachulka” is located to the south of the production ground of BIMAK Ltd on the land of village of Chelopech. It is a dam with a short drawn off and it is built for the needs of the village, as well as it ensures irrigation of agricultural land and drinking pool for the cattle. Now the dam is used mainly for an industrial water-supply for the biggest facility working on the territory of Municipality Chelopech – BIMAK Ltd. The dam is property of Municipality Chelopech according to Statement for communal property № 12 from 25.02.1998 of village-haw village Chelopech. The only source of water is river Vozdol. The total capacity of the dam is 841 000 cubic meters. Commune property is a cannel for irrigation with length L=2 500 meters and width W=2 meters. Drinking water for the people in the region is provided by gravity way from water-supplies built in the southern slopes of Balkan Mountains. SOILS The soils in the upper parts of the valley are of mountain-meadow type, and brawn and forest soils over the slopes. Over the southern slopes dominate hard and shallow soils, with places with considerable level of erosion. Non-carbonic soils cover the northern and the central part of the valley and are characterized with thin layer of humus mantle, under which there are non-carbonic materials. Entisols soils are found over cove-lowlands of river Vozdol, Chugovishko gulch, Raven gulch, Voden, Brevenska. Entisoil layers consists of gravel, sand, sand-clay and etc. , form a humus-store layer with thickness no more than 30-40cm. The humus content in these soils reaches 4-5%. The forest soils are in the higher regions of Chelopech field. Their humus layer is thinner in consequence of existing erosion processes and the hummus content is low (1-2%). Flora and Fauna Flora The natural vegetation is present by oak, hornbeam and beech forest. Bushes and herbaceous species grow over a vast territory. Fauna The region’s fauna is presented by species typical for the Mediterranean latitude. There are representatives from the animal world typically for the forest areas, as well as for deforested areas and cattle.